Emergency Management. The Joint Agency Commercial Imagery Evaluation— Land Remote Sensing Satellite Compendium, released June 17, , is the sum of three years of data collection on the global status of Earth imaging satellite platforms.
The initial edition of the compendium notes a dynamic increase in the number of Earth observation satellites, an expansion made possible through the remote sensing contributions of a large global community. The variety of satellites and sensors of varying sizes and capabilities outlined in the page document, presented alongside an abridged history of Earth observation technology, represent the most comprehensive assessment of land remote sensing operations ever compiled. In recent years, the JACIE group has observed ever-increasing numbers of remote sensing satellites being launched.
This rapidly growing wave of new systems creates a need Search Search. Publications Filter Total Items: 1. Christopherson, Jon B. Gaps are not to exceed 10 percent of Earth's surface. How do physical, chemical, and dynamical processes determine tropospheric composition and air quality over spatial scales ranging from urban to continental, and temporally from diurnal to seasonal?
How does air pollution drive climate forcing, and how does climate change affect air quality on a continental scale? How can observations from space improve air quality forecasts and assessments for societal benefit? How does intercontinental pollution transport affect air quality? How do episodic events e. Launched in August and ceased to operate in June Indeed a great loss in Earth observations for Japan and its partners as well as for the entire Earth observation community.
The longer wavelengths can also penetrate into the forest canopy and in extremely dry areas, through thin sand cover and dry snow pack. It measured global sea surface salinity to better predict future climate conditions.
Detection and Monitoring of Marine Pollution Using Remote Sensing Technologies
SAC-D suffered a power supply failure in June , ending the mission. Measures air quality to distinguish between pollution high in the atmosphere and that near the surface where people live and breathe. Part of Earth Ventures 1 EV-1 program.
This was 4 years campaign. This is accomplished by five radiometric channels: four nominally earth-viewing channels and a solar monitor channel. Emitted a radar pulse with a spherical wavefront which reflects from the surface. Measured the range using an onboard tracker. Launched in and ended in Launched in and retired in Ended in January , due to failure of the two on-board tape recorders.
Data measurements from these satellites will provide scientists with better understanding of ocean circulation, ice sheet topography, and climate change. Secondary objectives include measurement of cloud and aerosol height profiles, land elevation and vegetation cover, and sea ice thickness. Launched in January and ended in August DAAC Measures sea level, wave height, wind speed, and ionospheric correction.
Decommissioned in July DAAC Has four or six bands, depending on platform. Telemetried resolutions are 1. DAAC The most important objective of the Coastal Zone Color Scanner mission was to determine if satellite remote sensing of color could be used to identify and quantify material suspended or dissolved in ocean waters.
Specifically CZCS attempted to discriminate between organic and inorganic materials in the water, determine the quantity of material and discriminate between different organic particulate types. DAAC Ten channels.
Measured sea surface temperatures, ocean near-surface winds, water vapor and cloud liquid water content, sea ice extent, sea ice concentration, snow cover, snow moisture, rainfall rates, and differential of ice types. Provided quantitative data on global ocean bio-optical properties. Collected data between August and February DAAC A microwave scatterometer was used to determine the vector wind over the world's oceans. The technique is based on the sensitivity of microwave radar backscatter to the centimeter length ocean waves created by the action of the surface wind.
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Collected data on sea-surface winds, sea-surface temperatures, wave heights, internal waves, atmospheric water, sea ice features and ocean topography. Launched in June and operated until October It was the first of up to nine ATLAS missions that were undertaken throughout one solar cycle, which lasted 11 years.
TMR monitors and corrects for the propagation path delay of the altimeter radarsignal due to water vapor and non-precipitating liquid water in the atmosphere. DAAC Objectives were to measure the satellite-to-sea-surface height, wave height, provide ionospheric corrections, and measure wind speed directly beneath the spacecraft. Mission ended in January TMI measures microwave brightness temperatures, water vapor, cloud water, and rainfall intensity.
Licensing of Private Remote Sensing Space Systems
Provides horizontal resolution of m and vertical resolution of 5 km. UARS also measured winds and temperatures in the stratosphere as well as the energy input from the Sun. Together, these help define the role of the upper atmosphere in climateand climate variability. This energy establishes the composition, temperature and dynamics.
Even small changes have an important impact on atmospheric processes and trends. Back to Top. ABoVE's science objectives are broadly focused on 1 gaining a better understanding of the vulnerability and resilience of Arctic and boreal ecosystems to environmental change in western North America, and 2 providing the scientific basis for informed decision-making to guide societal responses at local to international levels. Two-wavelength polarization-sensitive lidar that provides high-resolution vertical profiles of aerosols and clouds. Lidar remote sensing instrument that will provide range-resolved profile measurements of atmospheric aerosols and clouds from the International Space Station ISS.
Measures water vapor, aerosols, and clouds throughout the troposphere. Provides next-generation observations of rain and snow worldwide every three hours. Quantifying polar ice-sheet contributions tocurrent and recent sea-level change, as well as ice-sheet linkages to climate conditions. Operation IceBridge Airborne. Largest airborne survey of Earth's polar ice ever flown. Poseidon-3 Altimeter PA. The LRA is a passive instrument that acts as a reference target for laser tracking measurements performed by ground stations.
The Poseidon-3B dual-frequency 5. Focused on land and ocean monitoring and composed of two polar-orbiting satellites operating day and night. Orbiting observatory that measures the amount of water in the top 5 cm 2 inches of soil everywhere on Earth's surface. Has contiguous channels, approximately 10 nm wide. Airborne remote sensing payload collecting detailed measurements of greenhouse gases on local to regional scales in the Alaskan Arctic. First US operational satellite in deep space. To provide essential data for timely and accurate weather forecasts and for tracking environmental events such as forest fires and droughts.
First dedicated Earth remote sensing satellite to study atmospheric carbon dioxide CO 2 from space.
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The main objective of the Sentinel-5P mission is to perform atmospheric measurements, with high spatio-temporal resolution, relating to air quality, climate forcing, ozone and UV radiation. Produces high-resolution, three-dimensional temperature, pressure, and moisture profiles that are used to enhance weather forecasting models.
Advanced suite of two hyper spectral instruments, extending the plus year total-ozone and ozone-profile records. Measures the solar spectral irradiance of the total solar disk in the ultraviolet wavelengths from to nm. Provide absolute measurements of the total solar irradiance TSI and spectral solar irradiance SSI , important for accurate scientific models of climate change and solar variability. Measures precipitation, oceanic water vapor, cloud water, near-surface wind speed, sea and land surface temperature, soil moisture, snow cover, and sea ice.
Has four to six channels shortwave, longwave, total.
The Saga of Indian Remote Sensing Satellite System - ISRO
Measures many environmental parameters ocean and land surface temperatures, fire products, snow and ice cover, vegetation properties and dynamics, surface reflectance and emissivity, cloud and aerosol properties, atmospheric temperature and water vapor, ocean color and pigments, and ocean biological properties. Nadir-viewing, non-scanning imager having a 64 km swath with a pixel size of 1 km. The instrument has seven channels and four frequencies. The data collected by NISTAR on Earth's albedo, incoming short- and long-wave radiation, and outgoing long-wave radiation has never been measured from Lagrangian point 1 L1 position before.
Cross-track scanning total power microwave radiometer with four channels centered at Improved knowledge of the Earth's water cycle and its link to climate change. The gravimeter measures the shape of seawater-filled cavities at the edge of some major fast-moving glaciers. Operation IceBridge also gathers data about the magnetic properties of bedrock beneath ice sheets and glaciers to help identify the type of rock present.
Earth's oceans are a thermostat for our planet, keeping it from heating up quickly. Advance Microwave Radiometer measures the Provides global, long-term measurements of key components of the Earth's atmosphere. Using an advanced radiometer, the satellite peers beneath clouds, vegetation and other surface features to monitor water and energy fluxes, helping improve flood predictions and drought monitoring.
CERES products include both solar-reflected and Earth-emitted radiation from the top of the atmosphere to the Earth's surface. SORCE measures the Sun's output with the use of state-of-the-art radiometers, spectrometers, photodiodes, detectors, and bolometers engineered into instruments mounted on a satellite observatory. Measures surface radiance, reflectance, emissivity, and temperature. The instrument has four to six channels shortwave, longwave, total. Obtains precisely calibrated images in four spectral bands, at nine different angles, to provide aerosol, cloud, and land surface data.
Measures the polarization and the directional and spectral characteristics of the solar light reflected by aerosols, clouds, and the Earth's surface BOREAS Project. Provides fully polarimetric four Stokes' parameters: Tv, Th, TU, and TV imagery of upwelling thermal emissions at several of the most important microwave sensing frequencies Provides high-temporal-resolution gravity field measurements for the purpose of tracking large-scale water movement. Measure Ocean surface wind speed in all precipitating conditions, including those experienced in the Tropical Cyclone TC eyewall.
One of the main objectives is to study the global distribution of lightning and its relationship to storm microphysics and dynamics, its dependence on regional climatic environments and their changes, its relationship to precipitation and cloud type, and the incorporation of these relationships into diagnostic and predictive models of global precipitation,the general circulation and the hydrological cycle.
Measures total solar irradiance. Measures air temperature, humidity, clouds, and surface temperature. The instrument has 15 channels.